Grace in Christ is compared to water from a fountain, it being cooling and refreshing, cleansing and making fruitful: to living water, because it quickens dead sinners, revives drooping saints, supports and maintains spiritual life, and issues in eternal life, and is ever-flowing. Israel alone does this. "Cyprus represents the West; Kedar (in N. Arabia) represents the East. Withhold, &c.--that is, abstain from incontinence; figuratively for idolatry [HOUBIGANT]. "Me they have forsaken, the Fountain," &c. ( Jeremiah 17:13 , Psalms 36:9 , John 4:14 ). kindness of thy youth--not so much Israel's kindness towards God, as the kindness which Israel experienced from God in their early history (compare Ezekiel 16:8 Ezekiel 16:22 Ezekiel 16:60 , Ezekiel 23:3 Ezekiel 23:8 Ezekiel 23:19 , Hosea 2:15 ). Go where you will, you cannot find an instance of any heathen nation forsaking their own for other gods. . . Its worshippers acquire its character, becoming vain as it is ( Deuteronomy 7:26 , Psalms 115:8 ). For this they could have no excuse. They'll worship God with full devotion, and won't just go through the motions while actually wishing they were home watching "Real Housewives of Jericho." marked--deeply ingrained, indelibly marked; the Hebrew, catham, being equivalent to cathab. reprove--rather, in the severer sense, "chastise . 30. search--I did not need to "search deep" to find proof of thy guilt; for it was "upon all these" thy skirts. the way of Egypt--What hast thou to do with the way, that is, with going down to Egypt; or what . &c. ( Jeremiah 4:18 ). 12. Kedar--descended from Ishmael; the Bedouins and Arabs, east of Palestine. EXPOSTULATION WITH THE JEWS, REMINDING THEM OF THEIR FORMER DEVOTEDNESS, AND GOD'S CONSEQUENT FAVOR, AND A DENUNCIATION OF GOD'S COMING JUDGMENTS FOR THEIR IDOLATRY. no hope--( Jeremiah 18:12 , Isaiah 57:10 ). in . Literally, "to be dried up," or "devastated," (places devastated have such an unsightly look) [MAURER]. They brought these calamities on themselves by departing from the Lord. It (like Roman Catholic images) was a violation of the second commandment, as the heathen multiplying of gods is a violation of the first. defiled--by idolatries ( Judges 2:10-17 , Psalms 78:58 Psalms 78:59 , 106:38 ). Read 2:1–3:5. Baalim--plural, to express manifold excellency: compare Elohim. 32. led--( Deuteronomy 32:10 ). your children--that is, your people, you. (29-37). They thus answered to the motto on their high priest's breastplate, "Holiness to the Lord" ( Deuteronomy 7:6 , Deuteronomy 14:2 Deuteronomy 14:21 ). . The belief that Babamukuru couldn't say no because he needed to appease the white missionaries indicates that Babamukuru isn't actually as powerful as Tambu would like to think. 28. "Trimmest" best suits the image of one decking herself as a harlot. bands--the yoke and bands which I laid on thee, My laws ( Jeremiah 5:5 ). Jeremiah, speaking with God's voice, predicts that the people will be led back to Judah, but this time things will be different. procured this (calamity) to thee?" . broken cisterns--tanks for rain water, common in the East, where wells are scarce. After listening to and/or reading the scripture please answer the related study questions below. 7. plentiful--literally, "a land of Carmel," or "well-cultivated land": a garden land, in contrast to the "land of deserts" ( Jeremiah 2:6 ). Earlier in the chapter (Jeremiah 2:3) God promised that He would defend an obedient Israel. Thou art my father--(Contrast Jeremiah 3:4 , Isaiah 64:8 ). . The Jews had long thrown off serious thoughts of God. 31 “You of this generation, consider the word of the Lord: “Have I been a desert to Israel. devoured . The three leading classes, whose very office under the theocracy was to lead the people to God, disowned Him in the same language as the nation at large, "Where is the Lord?" dromedary--rather, a "young she-camel." 20. Those who begin well, but do not persevere, will justly be upbraided with their hopeful and promising beginnings. prophets--who should have reclaimed the people from their apostasy, encouraged them in it by pretended oracles from Baal, the Phoenician false god. your . have broken--rather, shall feed down the crown, &c., that is, affect with the greatest ignominy, such as baldness was regarded in the East ( Jeremiah 48:37 , 2 Kings 2:23 ). with going to Assyria? Watch our overview video on the book of Jeremiah, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Others translate, "is treasured up," from the Arabic. All rights reserved. Jeremiah was still obedient to God in proclaiming the coming judgement. . But it is better to translate from a different Hebrew root: "We ramble at large," without restraint pursuing our idolatrous lusts. . 34. Then the term came to be applied to all maritime coasts of the Mediterranean, especially Greece ( Numbers 24:24 , Isaiah 23:1 , Daniel 11:30 ). . . souls--that is, persons. These two cities, one the capital, the other that with which the Jews came most in contact, stand for the whole of Egypt. © 2021 Christianity.com. Wilderness— I took such care of thee, in the howling wilderness, a land that was not sown. On the contrary, Jehovah was a never-failing source of supply for all Israel's wants in the wilderness, and afterwards in Canaan. Now through Jeremiah, God asked His people to consider the case of the Israel in the sense of the conquered northern kingdom, to remember why they were now slaves. Israel abandons Jehovah for other gods. Alas, that many, who once appeared devoted to the Lord, so live that their professions aggravate their crimes! 2. How many days of our lives pass without suitable remembrance of him! The prophet sees this event as if present, though it was still future to Judah ( Jeremiah 2:19 ). Certainly not. Earlier in the chapter (Jeremiah 2:3) God promised that He would defend an obedient Israel. Instead of "also," translate, "even" the Egyptians, in whom thou dost trust, shall miserably disappoint thy expectation [MAURER]. . The Book of Jeremiah Introduction to the Book of Jeremiah in the Bible. . Noph . In 625 B.C., the seventeenth year of Josiah, and the fourth of Jeremiah's office, the kingdom of Assyria fell before Babylon, therefore Assyria is here put for Babylon its successor: so in 2 Kings 23:29 , Lamentations 5:6 . And the message to Judah in this section is Refusal to Repent Necessitates God’s Punishment. 3 Israel washoliness unto the LORD, andthe firstfruits of his increase: all that … Author: Jeremiah chapter 1, verse 1 identifies the Prophet Jeremiah as the author of the Book of Jeremiah. pastors--civil, not religious: princes ( Jeremiah 3:15 ), whose duty it was to tend their people. the river--Euphrates, called by pre-eminence, the river; figurative for the Assyrian power. The tanks not only cannot give forth an ever-flowing fresh supply as fountains can, but cannot even retain the water poured into them; the stonework within being broken, the earth drinks up the collected water. The Lord told him to stop looking for excuses. Those who desert religion, commonly oppose it more than those who never knew it. Mixed with oil it was used for washing. 2. Its purpose was to warn of the destruction that they were about to face and to urge Judah to return and submit to God. hill . thy yoke . hands upon . Jeremiah 2- 25 : God's Appeal to the People's Conscience. To forsake this Fountain is the first evil; this is done when the people of God neglect his word and ordinances. 1 Moreover the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the Lord; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land that was not sown. The love— When I entered into covenant with thee at the giving of the law. (14-19) The sins of Judah. . The son of a priest from the small town of Anathoth in Judah, the The disaster from the Babylonians in the fourth year of Jehoiakim's reign, and again three years later when, relying on Egypt, he revolted from Nebuchadnezzar, is here referred to ( Jeremiah 46:2 , 2 Kings 24:1 2 Kings 24:2 ). Trouble often brings men to their senses ( Luke 15:16-18 ). Notwithstanding all their advantages, Israel had become like the wild vine that bears poisonous fruit. Jeremiah 25:2 "The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying," That is, the word concerned them all, and he spake it to so many of them as he met with in any public assembly at Jerusalem or elsewhere. Jeremiah, doubtless, supported the reformation begun by Josiah, in the previous year (the twelfth of his reign), and fully carried out in the eighteenth. 18. now--used in a reasoning sense, not of time. walked after vanity--contrasted with "walkest after me in the wilderness" ( Jeremiah 2:2 ): then I was their guide in the barren desert; now they take idols as their guides. 5. iniquity--wrong done to them ( Isaiah 5:4 , Micah 6:3 ; compare Deuteronomy 32:4 ). . Why trimmest--MAURER translates, "How skilfully thou dost prepare thy way," &c. But see 2 Kings 9:30 . The sense of English Version is, "I broke thy yoke (in Egypt)," &c., "and (at that time) thou saidst, I will not transgress; whereas thou hast (since then) wandered (from Me)" ( Exodus 19:8 ). God expostulates with his people. Characterizing Jeremiah’s message is the word backsliding, which occurs thirteen times. . 1 The words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah, one of the priests at Anathoth in the territory of Benjamin. Chapter. 33. . 16:8; Hos. II. The book begins with an account of Jeremiah's call to be a prophet. No, it is not; but has sold its own liberty, and enslaved itself to divers lusts and passions. green tree--the scene of idolatries ( Deuteronomy 12:2 , Isaiah 57:5 Isaiah 57:7 ). 17. . declares the Lord. . 2). Men employ all their ingenuity, but cannot find happiness in the way of sin, or excuse for it. Whereas the pagan nations were guilty of the one evil of worshipping their "no-gods," Israel was guilty of two evils: … . The Shekinah, or cloud resting on the sanctuary, was the symbol of "the glory of the Lord" ( 1 Kings 8:11 ; compare Romans 9:4 ).
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